You've probably heard of Functional Neurology (sometimes referred to as "Chiropractic Neurology"), what is it and what does the evidence have to say? Treatment of non-musculoskeletal (non-MSK) conditions has been a controversial hallmark of the chiropractic profession since its inception. Beyond the treatment of more traditional non-MSK conditions such as colic or otitis media, a relatively new approach to treatment is that of Functional Neurology (FN), which has as its roots the concept that disturbances of nervous system physiology can have detrimental effects on the body. First described by Carrick in 1997, the FN approach sprung from his observation that spinal manipulation can alter the size of the physiological blind spot of the eye, which he claimed as proof of the ability of spinal manipulation to affect brain function. FN has been the target of criticism, but has also gained in popularity among chiropractors and other allied health care professionals. Indeed, in a recent survey, 13.3% of Australian chiropractors identified themselves as FN practitioners (reference contained in the Review).

In this broad scoping review (published in Chiropractic and Manual Therapies 2017), the authors sought to provide a comprehensive explanation of the FN as a treatment concept, including presentation of the scientific evidence underlying the basic concepts of FN. Their study had 6 research objectives, which included descriptions of:
  1. the theories that constitute the basis of FN;
  2. the conditions that functional neurologists treat;
  3. the diagnostic procedures;
  4. the therapeutic modalities;
  5. the course of care; and
  6. the clinical outcomes obtained or expected with this approach…LOG IN OR SUBSCRIBE TO READ THE FULL REVIEW!

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